Right now the effects of climate change are already being felt by people across africa evidence shows that the change in temperature has affected the health livelihoods food productivity water availability and overall security of the african people. Senior defense department officials who work in the region have long warned that climate change is driving security challenges in the sahel the semi arid band of countries nestled under north africa. According to schneider et al 2007 africa is likely to be the continent most vulnerable to climate change with high confidence boko et al 2007 also projected that in many french countries and regions agricultural production food security and water stress would likely be severely compromised by climate change and climate variability. It is feared that climate change is likely to cause growing numbers to migrate from africas heartlands towards europe or southwards towards south africa climate experts predict that africas weather could become hotter droughts could become harder and longer while rainfall could become heavier and cause flooding. Confidence in the projected impacts of climate change on agricultural systems has increased substantially since the first intergovernmental panel on climate change ipcc reports in africa much work has gone into downscaling global climate models to understand regional impacts but there remains a dearth of local level understanding of impacts and communities capacity to adapt
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